New governments in Delhi, Kabul and Colombo and the withdrawal of the international troops from Afghanistan have changed the parameters in South Asia. The panel will look at the consequences of these changes for the security environment in the region.
Democratic changes with new governments in Delhi, Kabul and Colombo and the withdrawal of the international troops from Afghanistan have changed the security parameters in South Asia. The new Indian government wants to intensify regional economic collaboration as part of its "Make in India" initiative. At the same time, it is confronted with a difficult regional setting that consists of various conflict and post-conflict scenarios like in Afghanistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka with spill-over effects on India. Domestically, the Modi government has given the Indian states more freedoms so that their impact on foreign policy especially with regard to the neighbouring countries will become more important. Modi has intensified India's relations with the United States and Japan in order to counter China's territorial ambitions. But China remains India's biggest trading partner and the government in Beijing has intensified its engagement in South Asia for instance by intensifying its political and economic engagement with Pakistan and by taking over more responsibilities for the peace process in Afghanistan. Pakistan and Afghanistan are confronted with the repercussions of the crisis in the Middle East by a growing presence of the Islamic State. The panel welcomes contributions that deal with the recent changes in South Asia on the national and the regional level. Contributions may also focus on the changing role of external powers in the region and the increasing curtailment of NGOs in many South Asian countries.