Author:Ravindra Jaybhaye (Savitribai Phule Pune University)
Paper short abstract:
The non-traditional security issues like climate change along with water, energy, and food security and others have more devastation than conventional military conflicts. There is need of co-operation and co-ordination to design strategy for various level negotiations and joint action on the issues.
Paper long abstract:
Since the end of colonization South Asia has been recognized as one of the geopolitical hotspot of the world due to conflict like border dispute, water sharing, illegal migration, political instability, terrorism, internal security etc. Additionally non-traditional crises have been causing more devastation than conventional military threat and cause deterrent among the countries. These issues have been mired development process among the South Asian countries and proved devastating effects on process of confidence building, stability and peace process in the sub continent as a whole. Consequently, harmony and peace process among the countries could not achieve. Therefore, the work has been attempted to assess the scenario of non - traditional issues in the region. The various study revealed that the region is more vulnerable to climate change and environmental degradation and also have challenges such as poverty reduction, haphazard urbanization, disaster management, energy crisis, and food security. It will have severe and long-lived effects like retreating glacier, water for drinking and agriculture, land and forest degradation, flooding, migration etc. The investigation is based on integrative perspective and follows multi-methodological approach by applying qualitative and quantitative approach. The study figures out that need to be faced collectively through cooperative measures and regional cooperation for future well-being of the region. It involves measures like strengthening networking among the concern institutions to design strategies for negotiations with developed countries and joint action, transfer of clean and high end technology and capacity building efforts of various stakeholders to meet the challenges.
South Asia's changing security environment