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Reproductive, transformative or none? The role of labour out-migration in agrarian and rural change in Morocco, Ethiopia, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Thailand and China 
Peter Mollinga (ZEF Bonn University)
Fraser Sugden (University of Birmingham)
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Peter Mollinga (ZEF Bonn University)
Irina Kuznetsova (University of Birmingham)
Politics and political economy
Palmer G.04
Wednesday 28 June, -, -
Time zone: Europe/London

Short Abstract:

The panel presents comparative findings on the role of labour out-migration in agrarian change in China, Ethiopia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Morocco, Nepal and Thailand. Mechanisms and conditions that determine the reproductive, transformative, or absence of a causal role of migration are identified.

Long Abstract:

Unprecedented levels of migration in today's globalized economy are dramatically reshaping social, economic and political landscapes in both sending and receiving countries. For policymakers and practitioners, understanding and responding effectively to this rapid transformation is a challenging task. The EU H2020 funded AGRUMIG research project has examined 'sending communities' in rural areas of low and middle-income countries (China, Ethiopia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Morocco, Nepal and Thailand), and, in particular, transformations taking place in the agrarian sector. The project demonstrates how better-informed policy can support more effective migration governance, with net benefits for communities in the areas from which many people migrate through an analysis of how migration policy on one hand and agricultural and rural development policy on the other hand can be more constructively connected than they presently are. The project also advocates regionally specific policy approaches better tailored to the agency of (return) migrants and the so called 'left behind'.

In this panel we present some of the key comparative findings of the research project, focusing on the role of large scale labour out-migration in agrarian and rural change. That role is either reproductive (migration primarily/dominantly serves to keep afloat smallholder agriculture and the households that practice it), transformative (there is a discernible transformative regional rural/agrarian change dynamic related to migration), or migration plaus no causal role (other dynamics/processes are (vastly) more important). The panel will have three country/case study papers and one comparative paper. The panel will also have a discussant from the policy domain.

Accepted papers:

Session 1 Wednesday 28 June, 2023, -
Session 2 Wednesday 28 June, 2023, -