This panel proposes to discuss how different building cultures adapted to new worlds and environments, and how archipelagos, island and shores were used as experimentation territories, in the 15th and 16th centuries, for the construction of the Atlantic World.
All human action takes place within particular landscapes and environments. These are not just canvas on which human action take place, but constitute active agents in producing social and cultural change, being in fact an important part of it. Furthermore, the landscapes generated over settlement processes constitute the meeting point of contested relations between history, knowledge, material practises, and environmental change, and that can be particularly well observed on islands and shores colonization procedures, since they represent geographies better apprehended than continental areas. It is an uncontested paradigm that in the building of the Atlantic World, both the settlement of islands and the colonization experiments conducted on the shores of Africa and America, were essential to try out legislation, town foundation and land use development practises, afterwards applied into vaster continental areas, such as Brazil, the Hispanic World and North America. This panel proposes to discuss how different building cultures adapted to new worlds and environments, and how island and shores were used as experimentation territories. Also, how did those specific spaces influence the making and/or transformation of the legislation on land use planning? How were previous medieval practises, such as new town foundation and land reclamation or land grant distribution, applied in these territories? Who were the agents responsible for those actions and how did the central power intervene? Specific case studies papers presenting research on Atlantic archipelagos, islands, shores or towns founded during the period mentioned, are welcome. Namely those on heritage studies, urban history, urban morphology analyses and land use planning history.