Fostering sustainable development for the Central Asian countries is of high importance to stabilize and comply economic and social processes with the environmental changes. In Central Asia agriculture has been still the important sector of economy, despite every year its proportion of GDP is getting smaller. Moreover, more 60% population of Central Asia have been still employed or self-employed in agriculture sector. However, irrational use of farmland, uncontrolled pasture expansion and deforestation have become of critical environmental concerns in Central Asia that are negatively affected by agricultural activities. Therefore, the Central Asian countries are seeking new policies, practices and ideas to mitigate environmental risks and make agricultural sector both profitable and less destructive to the environment as a whole. To address all these issues with possible solutions, the first paper analyzes prospects of organic agriculture development in the Kyrgyz Republic. The second paper focuses on analysis and assessment of the food market of the Kyrgyz Republic in the context of integration into the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) in order to provide policy recommendations on food security. The third paper discusses the issues related to a social labor sphere in rural areas of the Republic of Kazakhstan and creation of necessary conditions for farming sustainable development. Finally, the forth paper studies apiculture development in 2005-2015 in the southern Kyrgyzstan that in turn is an organic indicator of environmental conditions.