The relationship between development, displacement and poverty has been the subject of debates and discussions, both at national and international level. The impact of the prevailing pattern of development has invoked global concern.
The dominant model of development once hailed as the panacea for all human crises, is now questioned on the grounds of ecological costs and goes against the very notion of development. This development model operates on the principle of 'optimum utilization' of natural resources. This has far reaching consequences for the people who are still dependent on nature for their survival. In India, due to its peculiar socio-historical conditions, the over-utilization of natural resources proves beneficial only to a small group of people. The developmental goals are fulfilled by diverting the resources away from the survival needs of the majority. While the benefits from development are shared by a privileged few, as a repercussion it will cost the life of the poor, the marginalized and the humanity. The misutilization and depletion of the natural resource base result in the further impoverishment of these people. These unequal rewards from development are mediated through the state, the ultimate source of power.
Specifically in India severe environmental destruction is being caused by industries and big dams in the name of development. Development projects in the present era for e.g. Industries, Dams and Mining have been physically displaced million of forest dwellers, tribal, dalits and peasants in India, since independence, have thrown out from their habitat reducing them not only houses but without food and occupation as well.