The panel intends to examine causes of and conditions for political violence, perpetrated by states and non-state actors as well as employed by citizens as a form of resistance, in South Asia. Papers will utilize various historical, sociological, and political perspectives.
Political violence has remained an integral part of South Asian society for decades. The nature and scope of these violence varied by time and place. The region has witnessed and continue to encounter violence for achieving political objectives from above and from below, that is violence perpetrated by the state, by the non-state actors and employed by the citizens as a form of resistance. Ethnic insurgency, religion-inspired militancy, ideology-driven hostility are obvious examples of violent acts those emerged as challenges to the states; on the other hand, South Asian states have responded with violence in the forms of civil war, blatant violations of human rights, and utter disregard to any international norms, to name a few. Incumbent regimes have unleashed state sponsored violence against minorities, and political opponents. In large measures, these violent acts have been institutionalized and normalized through routine actions. Against this background, this panel intends to examine various dimensions of violence in South Asia, namely Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Papers presented in the panel will examine the frequency, nature and scope of violence and their impacts from historical, sociological, and political perspectives as well as the representations of violence in literature.