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The 'Yen a marrisation' in Africa: interrogating the assessment of democratic processes from the perspective of alternative social movements 
Saliou Ngom (Institut fondamental d'Afrique noire)
Mamadou Bodian (Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire (IFAN))
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Lamine Doumbia (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin)
Cheikh El Hadji Abdoulaye Niang
Politics and International Relations (x) Futures (y)
Philosophikum, S81
Wednesday 31 May, -
Time zone: Europe/Berlin

Short Abstract:

The relationship the emerging alternative protest movements have with the state also allows us to understand the state in action, beyond its institutional mechanisms. This observation underpins the importance of understanding the state of democracy through the emergence social movements.

Long Abstract:

Based on the dynamics of social movements and protests in Senegal from 2011 onwards, their relationship to the state and to freedom of expression, the discussions proposed by the panel focusses on grasping the democratic significance of social movements, which became widespread on African continent following the Arab Spring (Senegal, Guinea, Congo, Mali, Burkina Faso, etc.). It is therefore a panel that proposes an assessment of a decade of protests and their impact on African democracies in a diachronic manner. It is also a proposal that questions the future of these social movements in the face of the resurgence of authoritarian and military regimes, in the face of the rise of decolonial issues.

We question democratization through protest movements that some authors consider to be 'the last bastions of democratization') in Africa. What we call "Y en a marrisation" is therefore the recomposition of civil society in Africa, particularly of young people from subaltern categories.

The paper proposals should focus on the assessment of these protest movements, their relations with the state and the upheavals they cause in the political life of these countries, and the progress, setbacks and stagnation of the democratic processes begun in the early 1990s. The proposals may also question:

- The instrumentalization of social movements' actions in politico-military setting.

- The "transnationalisation" of social movements in time and space in Africa and beyond.

- The future of social movements and their democratic scope in the face of the resurgence of authoritarian regimes

Accepted papers:

Session 1 Wednesday 31 May, 2023, -