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In the panel "The policy of dispossession and expulsion from the republic. 1929-1940 ". In the 30s of the twentieth century, hundreds of Kyrgyzstanis were declared "kulaks" and "elements alien to Soviet ideology" and exiled from the republic.
During the years of Soviet collectivization, the Soviet government pursued a policy of "annihilating the kulaks as a class."
Key words: Soviet power, austerity, Orenburg, forced migration.
On January 30, 1930, the resolution "On measures to liquidate collective farms in areas of complex collectivization" was immediately implemented on the field. The issue of collecting grain and distributing it to the state caused great difficulties in mountainous regions. Due to the lack of arable land in the mountains, people were forced to sell their livestock and buy grain. Others were forced to emigrate to avoid such difficulties.
During the years of collective collectivization, the Soviet government proclaimed a policy of "rooting out the ears" and openly attacked them. These measures were carried out with gross violations of human rights and the rule of law. In response, the rich, manapas and fists resorted to various forms of resistance.
A. Kubatova, PhD. Department of the history of Kyrgyzstan in the XX-XXI centuries. Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnology named after B. Dzhamgerchinov National Academy of Sciences
Life in a foreign land and the adventures of a Kyrgyz official in Ukraine in 1931-1932.
The topic of Stalin's repressions leaves no one indifferent, because every second family of the former USSR, including in Kyrgyzstan, faced this monstrous injustice inflicted by the authorities. Many are silent or do not want to talk about it, some want to close this topic altogether. Nevertheless, every year there are fewer and fewer living witnesses among us, even children who were repressed at that time. The Ukrainian State Security Service was presented with one case, which contained very important documents and photographs.
In this report, we examine the course of Ukraine's deportation and deportation policy in the 1930s using the oral history method. The main source of the article will be the collection "The Politics of Hearing and the Fate of Man", prepared by the study "Remember". The collection includes eyewitness accounts, photographs, lists of exiles, archival materials about the events of exile and the years passed abroad. As part of the preparation of this collection, the Esimde research platform traveled across Kyrgyzstan, collecting oral histories and eyewitness accounts.
Alagoz kyzy Gulzat is a postgraduate student at the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences.