The panel looks at international ethnological views on problems of cultural diversity and harmonizing a Human- Nature - Society system in the context of Sustainability. It puts a special focus on analysis and value of folk and indigenous cultural resources for solving modern problems.
Global changes in relationships in a Nature-Society system as a result of Human activity have a lot of aspects and results. High level pressing of industrial society on nature promote a lot of success in a Life style of the society and at the same time create a lot of new problems in ecology, human health and social life for Mankind. All those problems give reality to a process of searching a way for solutions for those problems and create a context for creating different technologies in Life-support activities; in particular, the unique value of cultural diversity. Research has indicated that folk knowledge and folk technology can, in some instances, actually assist in solving high level problems caused by the human impact on the environment and, as a result, offer possibilities for a sounder and, sometimes, more effective basis for long-term sustainable production at the local level. In the panel we would like to discuss different aspects of cultural diversity and focus attention on analysis of folk experience in Life-support activity and Nature using in the light of discourses on sustainability. We hope to involve ethnologists and specialists in various disciplines having experience in researching Indigenous /folk culture, problems of human society, using nature resources, health protection and law in discussing the problem of a value of Indigenous knowledge (and Indigenous culture) for modern world.