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Why do people do what they do? remains the crucial question for anthropology and the social sciences today. The question was formulated by Holý and Stuchlik. The panel will look into ways of understanding human interactions in a comparative perspective, especially related to 'world anthropologies'.
What does globalization of anthropology (both epistemologically and in an organizational sense) mean for our discipline? Does it help answer some key questions? Or understanding of human behaviour? Why do people do what they do? Are human beings rational? Do they believe their own actions to be rational? Or do they perceive other's actions as rational? And what is the role of rationality in understanding human behaviour? This is a complex issue that has profound influence on both methodology of social sciences and, more importantly, ways in which we (as scholars, but also as members of the public) explain the behaviour of particular actors in a social arena. This can have relevance to patterns of behavior in the political and social contexts (for example, when voting), intercultural communication (increasingly relevant in the world of increased cultural hybridity, and especially with large movements of population that we are witnessing since 2015), or in processes of setting up different economic or social policies (that go along with the major shifts in political and cultural relations on a global scale). How does intervening into other cultures shape both others' and our own understanding? How is one going to interpret individual and collective ways in which societies and individuals negotiate the emerging world of political instability and global risks? These questions are of special relevance today, and we hope to explore them through perspectives from different and heterogeneous research traditions.