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This panel investigates issues related to youth employment, job creation and various types of (vocational) education and training strategies in Africa. Both African and European players have put this topic high on their agendas. So why is it such a struggle to make a great impact considering the huge numbers of unemployed young people? What are successful policies? What strategies work to bridge the gap between the demand of the labour market (private sector and employers) and the supply of training and education providers? How to create jobs or at least successfully match vacancies with capable trained youth? How are connections made between training providers and employers? And with wider society? African Industries are potentially large employment providers but are mostly not known for a (socially) safe working environment and good payment and conditions; how to encourage the ‘decent work’ agenda? How can governments and development partners encourage young people’s interest in working in skills or trades in the first place? This panel welcomes papers or other contributions about experiences with a range of more specific questions, for example: How can training providers keep up in an employment, knowledge and skills context that is changing fast, technologically as well as organizationally? In order for young people to be professionally successful, how important are technical skills and knowledge in relation to more generic ‘life’ skills and knowledge? How to trigger young (unemployed) people to venture into sectors which defy gender stereotypes? How to address gender issues in the industrial working environment and in the surrounding context (travel conditions, security issues, safe working environment). Finally, perhaps most importantly and above all: between regions and countries, how can we learn from each other about good (and not-so-good) practices? Therefore, this panel also looks forward to contributions which highlight the sharing and further elaboration of knowledge and experience about the issues.