This panel will provide a follow-up to the 2017 international conference Education for Life in Africa (Breedveld & Jansen (Eds.), 2018. What is the state of affairs with regard to African primary, secondary, tertiary, and vocational education and training? What happened to the 'Education for All' promises? What is the situation with respect to Sustainable Development Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all? Which efforts are purely African; which are influenced or strengthened by supporting activities from outside? We invite contributions on the development and present state of the different streams and levels of education in Africa. What does 'Africa' know about its own education, training and research systems? Are there examples of government strategies that really work; are there examples of best practices in international cooperation? How to explain the higher-education paradox: a growing demand, growing enrolment and growing numbers of graduates, but a stagnant or even increasing unemployment of university graduates? [initiated by De Haagse Hogeschool, together with ASCL and Edukans].