Click the star to add/remove an item to/from your individual schedule.
You need to be logged in to avail of this functionality, and to see the links to virtual rooms.


Driven by Environmental Influence: Herders-Farmers conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa and food insecurity 
Abayomi Saibu (Anchor University Lagos Nigeria)
Oluranti Ojo (University of Abuja, Nigeria)
Send message to Convenors
Navigating Conflict, Governance, and Activism
Room 2
Friday 23 August, -
Time zone: Europe/Helsinki
Add to Calendar:

Short Abstract:

The panel will analyze the environmental challenges, including droughts, desertification, and land degradation, which push herders and farmers into competition for limited resources. They will explore the interplay between these factors and conflicts, leading to food insecurity.

Long Abstract:

Environmental factors have greatly impacted migration flows everywhere in the world. People have historically migrated internally and internationally from places that have become inhabitable due to damaging environmental conditions. Migration is often used as a coping mechanism, an adjustment strategy, or even a survival strategy. As climate change accelerates changes in the environment and the deterioration of livelihoods in many areas of the world, migration flows are expected to increase. The agricultural sector in sub-Saharan Africa is the most important sector of the Sub-Saharan economy; it contributed about 23 per cent of the total annual GDP. Generally, the agricultural sector in Sub-Saharan Africa is largely dominated by rural household farmers, the major driver of Sub-Saharan’s food security. However, in recent times the incessant violent conflicts between nomadic herders and the rural household farmers exacerbated by drought have led to the migration of herders from the semi-arid region to encroach, on farmlands have posed a big challenge to peace and food security in the Sub-Continent. The conflict as a result of the encroachment of herders pushed by environmental change in arid regions into farmlands has grown into an alarming proportion consequently spreading all over, creating the problem of displacement. The panel aims to explore the intricate relationship between environmental influences, herdsmen-farmer conflicts, and the resulting food insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa. This region faces significant challenges in sustaining agricultural productivity due to climate change, population growth, and competing land use. The clashes between herders and farmers exacerbate these issues, creating a vicious cycle of food insecurity. This panel will bring together experts from diverse backgrounds to discuss the underlying causes, impacts, and potential solutions to address this complex problem.

The panel seeks proposals to address the following themes:

a. Environmental drivers of conflicts: Analyzing the impact of climate change, land degradation, and natural resource scarcity on herdsmen-farmer conflicts.

b. Socio-economic dimensions: Understanding the historical, cultural, and economic factors that contribute to conflicts and hinder resolution efforts.

c. Impacts on food security: Assessing the consequences of conflicts on agricultural productivity, trade, food prices, nutrition, and long-term development goals.

d. Conflict resolution and peacebuilding: Sharing experiences and strategies for conflict mitigation, dialogue facilitation, and promoting peaceful coexistence between herders and farmers.

e. Sustainable agricultural practices: Exploring innovative approaches such as agroforestry, conservation agriculture, and pastoralism management to enhance food production and reduce conflicts.

f. Policy and governance interventions: Discussing the role of governments, regional organizations, and international actors in creating an enabling environment for conflict resolution and improving food security.

Accepted papers:

Session 1 Friday 23 August, 2024, -