Tourism has an extraordinary power of transformation that obliges us to continue the quest for strategies to understand and evaluate its effects. There is a vital discussion about the effects of tourism on local inhabitants and environments. This panel explores the potentials of sustainability, vulnerability and resilience for tourism analysis.
Tourism is an ubiquitous activity on our planet, a paradigmatic expression of the most sophisticated forms of capitalism, one which also serves as an important source of livelihood in small and remote communities. As an economic activity, it possesses an extraordinary capacity for adaptation expressed in its multiple forms of organization; it is also capable of converting any cultural, natural or social element into a mercantile object for tourist consumption. Tourism has however proper Janus-faces; it has its good and bad sides, but how can we avoid the bad sides and take advantage of the good sides? To understand its effects we need analytical approaches that allow us to capture its plasticity and multidimensionality. We propose sustainability, vulnerability and resilience as theoretical and methodological tools to analyze the tourism phenomenon from different yet integrated perspectives (socio-ecological resilience, community resilience, cultural heritage and resilience).Our intention is to gain a more complex understanding of the transformation processes produced by the development of tourism under the sustainable paradigm of the triple bottom line. We also propose to discuss the capacity of the resilience framework applied to the tourism industry at a global and, especially, local level. Therefore we are looking for contributions that articulate the macro- and micro-level scales that are present in tourism, presenting case studies that permit trans-cultural comparisons. Through analysis and scientific discussion, we hope to gain insights into the elements and processes that articulate tourism, sustainability and resilience.