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Conservation initiatives and the impacts on food systems, food security, resilience and gender 
Désirée Gmür (University of Bern)
Babatunde Owolodun (Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute)
Selina Felber (Institute of Social Anthropology University of Bern)
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Tobias Haller (University of Bern)
Tuesday 26 October, -
Time zone: Europe/London

Short Abstract:

This panel focuses on conservation and it impacts on food systems, food security, food consumption, health, resilience and gender when local resource management and food production systems are altered by changes in resource use institutions due to protected areas and other conservation initiatives.

Long Abstract:

In Africa, and elsewhere, local groups had established common property institutions for the management of common pool resources (CPR) before colonial times. These commons regimes linked all CPR (water, pastures, fisheries, wildlife, non-timber forest products etc.) found in local cultural landscape ecosystems. These were important for food production in local food systems and lowered vulnerability in times of crises. During colonial and post-colonial times CPR management was fragmented and common property was increasingly turned into state and private property and got out of local control. This led to green grabbing processes to establish protected conservation areas. This often involves resettlement of local communities and/or the introduction of new regulations concerning resource use, which frequently disrupts local food production and security systems. However, some conservation initiatives (CI) also claim to be participatory and pay attention to the request of decolonializing processes.

The Panel welcomes interdisciplinary contributions that focus on:

- The influence of CI on local food systems and food security and on resilience capacity of local communities in times of crises.

- The impact of CI on food consumption, nutrition and health.

- The reactions to and emic perceptions (of local people and implementers (development and conservation community)) of these green enclosures and coping strategies to cushion possible negative effects of conservation initiatives.

- Protected areas/CI and the criminalization of local livelihoods

- Impacts on gender relations and marginalized groups

- The conflict between cultural heritage and conservation

- The changes in reciprocal arrangements and social security due to conservation

Accepted papers:

Session 1 Tuesday 26 October, 2021, -
Panel Video visible to paid-up delegates