Click the star to add/remove an item to/from your individual schedule.
You need to be logged in to avail of this functionality, and to see the links to virtual rooms.

Accepted Paper:

Convivial Constitutionality: Human-Predator Interrelations in Complex Social-Ecological Systems  
Lisa Alvarado (University of Bern) Tobias Haller (University of Bern) Ariane Zangger (Institute of Socialanthropology) Samuel Weissman (Institute of Social Anthropology)

Paper short abstract:

This paper presents the constitutionality approach as a possibly sustainable solution for conflicts surrounding conservation strategies which have deteriorated local resilience by imposing new institutions in order to implement global conservation initiatives.

Paper long abstract:

“Convivial Constitutionality” is a SNFS-funded research project at the Institute of Social Anthropology at the University of Bern. The project focuses on three examples of human-predator interrelations, including the jaguar in Ecuador, the wolf in Romania and the lion in Kenya. Theoretically based on the constitutionality approach, convivial constitutionality explores the possibility that bottom-up institution-building processes could be sustainable coping strategies to achieve a co-existence of predators and humans. It questions the often-assumed human-predator conflict and proposes that rather, it should be considered a human-human conflict due to different understandings of conservation within a heterogeneous field of actors (e.g., conservationists, researchers, state officials, local people…). These conflicts often include the prioritization of protected areas over local food systems and cultural landscapes. Therefore, conservation initiatives often lack acceptance on the local level. The constitutionality approach tackles these conflicts by analyzing the necessary conditions for successful bottom-up institution building processes, which in the end will be accepted both by local and national/global actors. This often includes adapting former common-pool resource management institutions and strategies to current contexts, also affecting local food systems. Thus, “Convivial Constitutionality” is a new approach which supports the interplay between conservation, wildlife management and coping strategies on a local level while suggesting that the establishment or change of local institutions based on participative processes, local knowledge systems and historically grown experiences would foster local resilience and hence be more sustainable than top-down initiatives because they are defined, accepted and owned by local people.

Panel P028
Conservation initiatives and the impacts on food systems, food security, resilience and gender
  Session 1 Tuesday 26 October, 2021, -