Culture constructs gender in different ways by utilizing many aspects of human life. Feminity and masculinity are constructed by different elements including history, ethnicity etc. Changing gender allocation is seen due to the influence of globalizing economy.
A classification based on gender is a key part in most human cultures. Women and men or feminity and masculinity are the classification we often encounter but some cultures recognize more than two genders. Culture constructs gender in different ways by utilizing many aspects of human life; division of work between men and women, difference in body management by gender, asymmetrical delivery of information to men and women etc. For instance in Bondei Society in Tanzania, men can cultivate coconut palm tree, sell sap or fruits to the town market, while women use coconut products for more domestic purposes. In many cultures masculinity is actively constructed through conflicts and cultural influences, and it is of interest to illustrate, through historical and ethnographical data, the articulation between masculinity, ethnicity and colonialism in one particular culture. In another instance, dissemination of information, especially one related to sexuality and reproduction is unevenly distributed between women and men, and even between married and unmarried women in Indonesia. Given that culture constructs gender in different ways in line with cultures, the way it does comes under constant influence from outside world. For example, the kind of network West African women merchants currently have and commodities they deal with show changes in their traditional gender roles under globalized economy.
In this session fieldwork data from different areas is presented with particular focus on gender.