This panel considers how Migrant and Diaspora populations are created through diverse processes such as political turmoil, economic opportunism, social marginalisation, poaching of expertise and travel and adventurism
Migration within and across national frontiers is not likely to end any time soon. The prevalence of poverty in burgeoning economies such as China and India, the spring uprisings in the Middle-East, and ongoing political turmoil in many African countries continue to feed the flow of people to countries perceived to offer more. While India has become a net exporter of professionalism, China has become an exporter of capital and entrepreneurial skills. The Middle-East and Africa provide not only significant amounts of human capital through their export of professional expertise, but also a substantial proportion of refugees escaping the turmoil created by autocratic patrimonialism and military juntas. The search for professionals in categories where knowledge workers are in short supply in developed countries is often insensitive to the needs of the giving countries. The brain drain, capital export, transfer of entrepreneurial skills and flight from internecine violence is impoverishing to the countries that have become victim to the losses of its people for one or more of these reasons. As migration levels increase to particular areas of the world, people from common geographical regions tend to gravitate towards one another in order to recreate a sense of "community", giving rise to Diasporas.
We call for papers on how Migrant and Diaspora populations are created by: Political turmoil through corruption, cronyism, civilian violence and paramilitary violence; Economic opportunism; Marginalisation as a result of racial, ethnic or religious affiliation; poaching of professional and artisanal expertise; travel and adventurism