The old age are facing various social problems in postmodern era. The problems and needs of the old aged require special attention of all concerned. The old age widowhood is very typical and critical problem through out the world.
The problems, issues and perceptions vary from one society to another. In some societies the old aged are recognized as the asset for the family as well as society and they are treated as the teacher, well wisher and so on. But in some societies aged are left to freeze to death and in still others are buried alive. In the modern era medical science has achieved tremendous success and it has changed demographic proposition of old aged. On the other hand the culture of society has changed rapidly due to globalization forces. A new tendency of neglecting the old aged is developing amongst the younger generation. The old aged are facing various social problems which has been categorized as- involvement in family decision and social participation, respectable behaviour, conflicting relationship with younger generation, Isolation, lack of adjustment, loss of power and suspiciousness etc.The term old aged can be studied under three types like, biological, psychological and socio-cultural. Biological refers to bodily changes, psychological aging related to the study of changes in nervous system which result in general decline in mental ability. Socio-cultural refers to changes in individual's circumstances as a member of family, community and society.The problems and needs of the old aged require special attention of all concerned, like the anthropologists, sociologists, gerontologists, socio-methodology of their professions involving strategies and courses of action.Apart from the above old aged widowhood is very typical and critical problem throughout the world.