A large number of urban poor work in the informal sector where entry is easy, requiring less skills, less education and less capital. The urban agriculture will be examined in this context.
Population of a city grows through birth as well as migration. Not only migration accounts for a significant demographic growth, it also contributes largely to the economy of towns or cities. Slums, squatters and other forms of settlements are being formed at faster rate than the increase in households. Urban poverty, scarcities of housing and services for the poor have been enormous. The economy has not been able to provide employment and income, and the supply of the housing and services have been limited. It is not merely a matter of matching supplies with demands, as a vast majority of the urban poor is unable to pay. Significantly, a large number of urban poor work in the informal sector where entry is easy, requiring less skills, less education and less capital. Regarding rural migrants, it should be also noted that this urban poor continue to be linked with the rural world through visit, remittances of money and the continuity of social, cultural and economic networks, including recruitments of people from their rural areas. This Panel invites papers from different countries to promote a comparative understanding of urban poverty, focusing on job and living conditions and their effect of people's health, as well as on rural migrants and their social, cultural and economic integration in the urban environment.