There is an association between women reproductive risk factors and urbanization. Reproductive health is an area of concern in maternal mortality, sexually transmitted diseases and the treatment of infertility. It could be slowed down if the initiative of care starts from the adolescent girls.
In 2007 the United Nations estimated that half of the world's population was living in urban areas followed by the continuous increase in the proportion of the global population. There is a strong evidence of the association between women reproductive risk factors (menstrual and ovulatory disorders etc.) and urbanization in South East Asian countries, which results into the decline in fertility rate. Moreover, the rise of non-communicable diseases along reproductive problems causes enormous health threat in particular among women from low or middle income countries. Factors like sedentary lifestyle, shift from course to high caloric food, irregular intake of food and inclination towards the modern gadgets affect women from the menarche to the menopause. The government and nongovernmental agencies have been engaged in a positive effort to provide efficient services to women through proper counseling at the adolescent level and treating them through proper medication. 'Women's rights to reproductive and sexual health' is another important area of concern for reducing maternal mortality, protection from sexually transmitted diseases and providing appropriate service to the treatment of infertility through assisted reproduction. By 2030, a larger number of people will live in small and medium-sized towns; cities will undergo socioeconomic transitions which may contribute to further complications in the reproductive health parameters of women. Such a pattern could be slowed down if the initiative starts from below through proper care and guidance to the adolescents girls.