This panel will shed new light on the ways in which multiple, sometimes competing ideologies and groups sought to mobilize young people across twentieth-century South Asia.
Throughout the twentieth century, the idea of "youth" signified or was associated with energy, vigour, and the potential for modernization or "national renewal". Hence, there were hence manifold efforts to win over young people for projects of social reform, anti-colonial agitation and post-independence nation-building. However, in South Asia and beyond, youth were also seen as malleable and impulsive and therefore in need of disciplining to keep their possibly destructive energies in harness. Engaging with international scholarship on age as a category of analysis, this panel will examine a broad array of attempts to mobilize, organize, and strengthen youth in colonial and post-colonial South Asia. Papers by confirmed contributors will explore a number of movements and organizations, including: the YMCA (Fischer-Tiné) the Girl Guide movement (Alexander), the youth organization of the Indian National Congress (Roy), formal education (Topdar), and The Bharat Sevak Samaj (Watt). We hope to further broaden the perspective through the call for papers. The following scholars have already confirmed their participation in case our panel is accepted by the organisers: Kristine Alexander (University of Lethbridge) Harald Fischer-Tiné (ETH-Zurich) Franziska Roy (ZMO, Berlin) Sudipa Topdar (Illinois State University) Carey Watt (University of Fredericton, NB)