How did governmental and traditional institutions change and adapt in the aftermath of large scale violence in Southern Africa? Institutional resilience pertaining to political transitions and also to the integration of traditional authorities into the democratic states will be discussed.
The close of violent conflict of various kinds in southern Africa, dating since 10 to 20 years, and the uncertain future in other cases warrant comparative discussion of various dimensions of institutional change and adaptation. This perspective includes, in particular, the persistence of governmental and administrative institutions that was conditioned both by functional considerations and by constitutional safeguards in the context of pacted transitions. Again, dominant party states as one of the significant features of states in Southern Africa, have produced specific practices and forms of civil service and administrative practice. Again, this has been supplemented by a pervasive tendency to coopt and tie to the state traditional authorities which bring into the picture an additional and problematic form of legitimacy as well as an extension of the state into the rural space.