This panel will evaluate the growing interdependence between the transnational curbing and governance of 'conflict minerals' and national property rights reform in a number of African post-war environments from an explicitly comparative perspective.
Since earlier work on 'blood diamonds' and the political economy of warfare in Subsaharan Africa, there has been an extraordinary convergence of initiatives to curtail the sourcing of conflict minerals from the continent. Such initiatives have raised global awareness, but are also progressively involved in actively regulating the access and commercial use of African mineral resources in environments touched by armed warfare and 'fragile' political institutions. Increasingly, this policy framework is leading to some severe unintended consequences, including challenges to miners' livelihoods and deteriorating human security. This panel will evaluate the growing interdependence between the transnational governance of 'conflict minerals' and national property rights reform in a number of African post-war environments. Panellists may draw on different theoretical perspectives, including geography (e.g. political ecology, GPN, policy mobility), anthropology (neoliberal governmentality, interpretive approaches) and sociology (livelihood analysis) to address these two theoretical questions: 1. Transnational governance and institutional pluralism: how are transnational reform initiatives formulated and implemented in communication and in competition with other economic sectors and systems of regulation? 2. Miners' property rights and human development: how do different participants in the mining economy react to formalization incentives and how do these reactions influence the regulation of the mining economy as a whole.