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P160


Entanglements of STS and bioethics: new approaches to the governance of artificial intelligence and robotics for health 
Convenors:
Jay Shaw (University of Toronto)
Núria Vallès-Peris (Spanish National Research Council - CSIC)
Miquel Domènech (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
S. Scott Graham (The University of Texas at Austin)
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Format:
Traditional Open Panel

Short Abstract:

The ethical governance of artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics has been widely discussed across disciplines. In this panel, we aim to highlight papers that explore unique dimensions of governance of AI and robotics in health care and public health that put bioethics and STS in dialogue.

Long Abstract:

The ethical governance of artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics has been widely discussed in recent years, drawing commentary from a variety of disciplines. For the purposes of this open panel, we define governance as a distributed set of policies, laws, rules, guidelines, practices and discursive strategies oriented toward managing the risks and uncertainties of automated systems in a given domain. In this way, approaches to governance of AI and robotics might encompass both short-term and long-term impacts to organizations and societies, as well as local decisions about design and deployment of technological devices and the daily practices they compel. Governance might refer to highly formalized laws and regulations, or to locally-relevant informal practices related to innovation development, evaluation, procurement and/or implementation.

The governance of automated systems, i.e. AI and robotics, in the domains of health care and public health, introduce a unique set of considerations. These are already highly regulated fields that articulate power at multiple nodes, contain particular bioethical commitments, and are embedded within the epistemic complexity of techno-scientific knowledge. Conventional approaches to governance in health care and public health adopt an instrumentalist paradigm, neglecting the potentially deeper shifts that might occur in these fields with deployments of AI and robotics. For these reasons, the governance of these technologies in the context of broader health governance approaches represents unique opportunities for contributions at the intersection of bioethics and Science & Technology Studies (STS) on the practices that constitute governance.

In this panel, we aim to highlight papers that explore unique dimensions of governance of AI and robotics in health care and public health that put bioethics and STS in dialogue. Perspectives that critique conventional understandings, illuminate entanglement of local/global dimensions, attend to the infrastructures that sustain AI and robotics in healthcare, and outline implication for ethical governance are welcome.

Accepted papers: