In the final period of the Ancien Régime, Portugal benefited greatly of imports related to music, coming from the leading centres in Europe, especially Paris, London and Hamburg. European musicians brought new instruments and new music, that enabled the renovation of Portuguese cultural practices.
In the final period of the Ancien Régime, Portugal benefited greatly from an expansive process of imports related to music coming from the leading centres in Europe, especially Paris, London and Hamburg. The arrival of foreign musicians to perform at the Portuguese Royal Chamber, and their subsequent establishment, permitted the appearance of music warehouses responsible for the import of printed music and instruments, as well as the development of music publishing and its distribution in Portugal. On the other hand the Crown allowed the circulation of music professionals in an autonomous and free-lance way and provided, with a negotiated control, the necessary means for the consolidation of new cultural and musical practices. This study intends to evaluate how the circulation of new products, new instruments and new music, whether cosmopolitan or local production, as is the case of the modinha, enabled not only the renovation of cultural practices and the affirmation of new profiles of professionals within the musical life, but also a new way of consuming and listen to music.