Transformation of the US foreign policy in the EaP region
(Russian-Armenian University, Public Administration Academy of Armenia)
The political, economic, and geopolitical presence of the United States of America in the Eastern Partnership region (EaP - Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine) goes back at least for a century when after the World War One it appeared as a global political, economic, and geopolitical actor. The cooperation has increased dramatically since 1991 when the six EaP countries received independence after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. From this perspective the paper focuses on determination of the basic US interests in Eurasia and try to determine the role, which the EaP countries and region, in general, can play in that strategic environment. The study tests the following hypotheses and demonstrates that the US: - Mostly relies on and supports the EU`s EaP program to promote its political and economic interests in the EaP region, - However, does not appeal to the six EaP countries as a single political, geopolitical or economic unit, as the EU does. - Prioritizes NATO to provide its military interests and collaboration in that region. The paper is based on strategic documents, including the US National Security Strategies (2017, 2015, 2009, and so on), published materials, official reports, and studies on the foreign policy priorities of the USA in general and in Eurasian and EaP region, in particular. World Bank, IMF, WTO, and USAID reports are discussed to reveal the fluctuations of economic cooperation between the US and countries of the region. At the same time public interviews and expert interviews allows to make the study more diverse and comprehensive.
Challenges and Opportunities of finding Regionalism in Eurasia