Young women are particularly trafficked for the purpose of sexual and exploitation labor. This phenomenon presents an acute human rights violation. Against the backdrop, this panel will focus on dimensions, causes and consequences of sex trafficking.
Forced migration and sex trafficking' is one of the fastest growing areas of international concern in our contemporary world. According to the U.S. FBI, human trafficking, specifically women trafficking and sex slavery is estimated to generate a revenue of approximately 9.5 billion dollars annually, making human trafficking the 2nd largest commercial industry in the world today. Young women are particularly trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation and forced labor. This phenomenon presents an acute case of human rights violation. Forced migration and trafficking of women share many elements in common such as their vulnerability and their lack of protection and security. Today, it is a complex development issue. Vast majority of the trafficking victims are consequences of poverty, unemployment, cultural practices, natural disaster, etc. Trafficking is a health problem, as trafficked women and children are most at risk from HIV infection. It is a gender problem, as unequal power relations reinforce women's secondary status in society. Lastly, it is a legal problem, as they are stripped of their human rights and lack any access to redress for the crimes committed against them. Against the backdrop, this panel will try to understand the extent, dimensions, causes and consequences of sex trafficking in our contemporary world.