Food is the object of claims, an instrument of political struggles, and the subject of new economic imaginaries. This panel approaches food production and consumption as pivots of cultural expression, values and mobilizations to discuss some legacies from the field of economic anthropology.
Food, as one of the most familiar objects in our daily lives, is increasingly important in contemporary social and political configurations in which local actions confront global issues. Europe constitutes a political, economic, and geographic entity, with a common food regulation system and a common economic policy that people confront differently in diverse social and cultural settings. This framework has spawned varied forms of food activism mobilizing different values concerning food. We aim to compare different cases studies of "food activism" and alternative futures in production and consumption to discuss some legacies coming from the field of economic anthropology. Could they help us to understand these new configurations or do we need to change our paradigms ? We will pay attention to the connections between ideologies and values that different groups or movements elaborate and practice, approaching food as a pivot of cultural expression, economic practices of valuation and calculation and political mobilization. Food is the object of claims, an instrument of political struggles, the subject of new economic imaginaries. Around food new exchange practices converge with a goal of fighting or changing the economic system, to create "sustainable" economies or simply to build solidarity. We consider food 'values' (in a plural sense) as referring to political and moral orders, socially and culturally defined. At the same time, food 'value' is at the core of tensions and different movements appear, take positions, and create alliances around such issues as food justice, sustainability, fair price and quality, explored in this panel.