The six panelists from India, Europe, and USA will examine caste-based, racialized, and gendered forms of power. Their papers will speak to specific as well as comparative anthropological understandings of power, subjectivities and movements against it, in South Asia and North America.
This panel's main concern is to engage in anthropologically informed conversation on caste, race, and gender. In contrast to the structural and descriptive approaches to caste and race in anthropology, the turn towards a comparative analysis of people situated in and struggle against social, cultural, material, historical, and intersectional conditions of caste-based, racialized and gendered relations is rare. Scholars who are engaged in the anthropology of power in the context of caste and gender in South Asia exchanging their theoretical and empirical understandings with their colleagues working in the context of race and gender in North America is even harder to find in anthropological venues. The six panelists from India, Europe, and USA, therefore, will grapple with the questions as follows: How and why people experience caste-based, racialized, and gendered structures of power? What are the forms of oppressed people's counter hegemonic discourses and practices against graded inequalities of cultural, material, and historical normalization of power? What are the possibilities for a comparative understanding of subjectivities and movements emerging against intersectionalities of caste, race, gender, and class? How intellectualist approaches that have specifically addressed oppression of casteism and/or racism, their implications on gendered and segmented sociality, such as Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and Iyothee Thass in India and Du Bois in the USA, become crucial in the understanding of power and critique against hierarchy, repression and categories of exclusion.
Ambedkar's revolt against caste in India: studying emancipation outside the anthropological framework of caste and race