Rites and rituals are part of both festive and everyday occassions. It may span from the complex religious practice - involving coreography, acts and hymns - to the everyday (apparently profane) handshake. We here present multiple views on rituals and ritualizing.
Through heritage and utopia - imaginary pasts and futures - we are interpreting our existence and forming our actions in our day-to-day realities. The places and content of the research presented follow below.
History and development
01. N. Golant: Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria, Vlachs of different states celebrate certain customs differently.
02. C. Bregenhøj: Denmark, Jan. 5, Epiphany maskers; Carnival - historic inspiration from Venice.
03. V. Petreska: Macedonia, Jan. 19, Orthodox Epiphany - maskers, festival, context, presentation.
04. L. Vesik: Estonia, Feb. 14, variations in the Anglo-American Valentine tradition 1980-2015.
05. I. Nedin: Bulgaria, first vine stem cutting in Ilindentzi village turned into a festival.
06. A. Kuperjanov: Estonia, new religious group constructs its rituals.
Individual involvement and change
07. M. Magoulick: USA, MI, Native American woman undermining male authority concerning rituals.
08. J. Zamorska: Mexico, Oaxaca Valley, female involvment changes local festivity and social pattern.