This panel welcomes contributions which explore the making and/or challenging of borders in and out of Europe, analyzing the imaginaries and lived experiences of the different actors who implement and/or contest borders (migrants but also civil servants, NGOs, activists, anthropologists, etc.)
One of the main side effects of the post-war utopia of a Europe of "security, freedom and justice" (Amsterdam Treaty) is represented by the growing relevance of borders. The dramatic reality at the borders of Europe is thus the upshot of a political and historical process in which the definition of a common territory and identity goes hand in hand with the production of new mechanisms of classification and exclusion. Nonetheless, as Balibar argues, "borders are no longer at the border", inasmuch as such mechanisms operate well beyond the physical space of the frontier. As a consequence, immigrants are confronted with unprecedented forms of control, put in place by a wide range of actors and institutions, to which they respond through strategies of survival, projects of movement and imaginaries of endurance and struggle. This panel welcomes contributions which explore the making and/or challenging of borders in these multiple and ambiguous spaces of production and resistance. The aim is to analyze the relations between imaginaries and lived experiences, specifically by comparing the representations of the people involved, their views of the present and their visions of the future. Contributors may explore diverse situations within and beyond Europe, including the analysis of particular border areas, the role of specific actors and their forms of organization, the multiple effects of the border on people (both migrants and autochthones) and the strategies they elaborate to cope with them.