This panel will focus on the differentiation of the ritual year(s). It will have a special interest in the ways and the reasons why some elements of the traditional ritual year(s) are picked up by individuals or political bodies and selected in order to address new audiences in a globalised world.
This panel will focus on the individual and governmental differentiation of the ritual year(s). The notion of differentiation will be grasped through the circulation as well as the mobility, adaptation and (re)construction of the traditional rituals and festivals through time and space. The panel will have a special interest in the ways and the reasons why some elements of the traditional ritual year(s) are picked up by individuals or political bodies and selected in order to address new audiences and new tastes. In a globalised world, with a higher rate of migrations and crucial political changes in East-European countries, some of the traditional rituals have survived and even developed into huge national festivities, while some other customs wane and disappear. In this context, globalisation paradoxically leads to the differentiation and the fragmentation of the traditional rituals. Through case studies and more theoretical reflections, the contributors to this panel will compare the ritual systems in various countries, so to elicit the reasons for selectivity (migrations, ideology, religiosity, national values, local cultural touristic attractions, etc.). Special attention will be paid to the ritual year in the former socialist countries, and other European countries' cases will provide valuable material for comparative analysis. The contributors to this panel will also try to highlight how the traditional knowledge and the performance habits are being collected, studied and circulated nowadays, leading to reinterpretations of the rituals.