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AI in Health and Care: Development, Governance, and Ethics in East Asia 
Giulia De Togni (University of Edinburgh)
James Wright (The Alan Turing Institute)
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Yulia Frumer (Johns Hopkins University)
Selma Šabanović (Indiana University)
Friday 10 June, -
Time zone: Europe/London

Short Abstract:

The Japanese government is vying to lead the world in the development and governance of AI, which it views as a key technology for transforming the future of public and personal health and care. This panel investigates gaps between hype and reality as these aspirations begin to be put into practice.

Long Abstract:

Discourses around the future potential and imagined impacts of AI are reaching new heights of aspiration globally. In particular, Japan - with the world’s most rapidly ageing society - published a major national AI Strategy in 2019. The document is imbued with a rhetoric of AI ‘saving’ the country from current and future societal crises that has long characterised national policy around techno-science (Šabanović 2014; Frumer 2018; Robertson 2018; Wright 2019). Similar rhetoric is also found in South Korea, China, Singapore, and Taiwan, which have published a flurry of national AI strategy documents since 2017. This panel critically examines how AI and related technologies such as socially assistive robots and the internet of things are imagined or expected to transform futures of health and social care in these countries, and how key actors in the government, industry, and third sector propose that they be governed. Focusing on cases from East Asia, we invite a critical discussion drawing on the following questions:

- What forms of AI and related technologies, such as robotics, are actually being developed and deployed in health and care?

- How does the aspirational rhetoric of AI connect with realities of use?

- How are the ethics and governance of AI systems being conceptualised, drawn up into guidelines and principles, and operationalised?

- Where is the “human” in “human-centric AI”? And who or what does a “human-centric AI” exclude?

Presenting: Anne Stefanie Aronsson; Chihyung Jeon; Heesun Shin; Seonsam Na; Eunjeong Ma; Tsujimura Mayuko; Naonori Kodate.

Accepted papers:

Session 1 Friday 10 June, 2022, -