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Involving AI in justice decisions represents a serious challenge, which will impact society as a whole. This panel includes voices from law, technology and the arts in an attempt to break down barriers between disciplines, focusing on the impact of AI on the way in which people experience justice.
Laws can seem impersonal, designed to judge on the facts rather than the individual. If true, is judging mechanical - something that can be automated? When AI is used to look at how justice is done by humans, it throws up challenging examples of bias and inconsistency, set against a backdrop of increasing delays in justice. Perhaps it would be wrong not to bring in the machines? To what extent can algorithms help, or is there an ethical barrier to involving them where human life is at stake. In examining these questions the focus cannot just be on the risk of algorithmic bias or the technical accuracy of the algorithms themselves. Already, the impact of AI on law and legal decisions is far reaching, leading to deep institutional effects, affecting the personal experience of justice. In an area prone to polarisation, we gather together a panel with diverse skills to explore the nuanced issues in relation to the integration of AI to law and justice. How helpful is human discretion to justice? Can a common language to be developed to realign the aims of the state, the technical expert, the individual and society?
In 2020 a distressed defendant's sobs were simply 'muted' in an online hearing by a UK judge, while in Singapore a man was sentenced to death over a Zoom call (Gibbs 2020; Ratcliffe, 2020). Is anything less than in-person justice, in-human?
Accepted papers:Session 1 Monday 6 June, 2022, -
Camila Balsa (Federal University of Paraná - Brasil)
Penelope Gibbs (Transform Justice)
Elisabeth Paar (University of Vienna) Laura Crompton (University of Vienna)