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Papers presented will examine the variety of institutional frameworks recently developed to manage coastal and marine resources in response to unprecedented threats such as anthropogenic degradation and climate change, with emphasis on participatory governance frameworks and their historical roots.
Small-scale fisheries are facing unprecedented threats due to anthropogenic degradation, socioeconomic and urban development, and climate change. Challenges have created both the need and opportunity for the development of new institutional frameworks to sustainably manage coastal and marine resources. Demonstrating the value of stakeholder engagement for long-term stewardship, approaches build on a long trajectory of participatory governance, co-management, and the recognition of user rights among local communities. These developments reflect also a broader pluralistic tendency that proposes the revitalization of traditional, customary, and faith-based systems (Von Benda-Beckman 2019). In this session we invite contributions that critically examine the implementation of co-management, customary, and user rights based approaches to the governance of marine landscapes. We welcome presentations that explore case studies, and include in their analysis a careful characterization of the processes of scoping, developing, and implementing participatory management policies, as well as the many lessons that can be drawn from those experiences. Consideration of how customary management frameworks may lead to disenfranchisement of peripheral communities is also encouraged. Finally, we welcome contributions discussing the legal frameworks necessary for co-management as well as the tensions that may erupt from the confluence of decentralization with the top-down implementation of participatory instruments as advocated by central governments such as Indonesia.