Accepted paper:

Artistic evidence of the occurrence of at least two taxa of horse in Bronze Age Egypt

Author:

Marco Masseti (University of Florence)

Paper short abstract:

Several artistic documents dating to the Bronze Age testify the coeval occurrence in ancient Egypt of two different typologies of domestic horse, characterised respectively by the phenotypic patterns of the "oriental" and the "occidental" groups.

Paper long abstract:

Many authors concur upon a division of all domestic horses into two main typologies. The definition of "oriental" or "eastern" indicates a large group of animals of which the Arab is the prototype, signifying type alone and not geographical origin. The other term "occidental" or "western" does not refer to all horses of European origin, but only to a certain group of animals distinguished from the oriental in terms of conformation. Several artistic documents dating to the Bronze Age testify the coeval occurrence in ancient Egypt of two different typologies of domestic horse, characterised respectively by the phenotypic patterns of the "oriental" and the "occidental" groups. This could provide evidence that the domestication of at least two different taxa of wild horse had already occurred.

panel P003
Representing and Depicting Animals