Accepted Paper:

Political repression of Mongol people under Chinese socialist regime  


Haiying Yang

Paper short abstract:

This study will focus on the Chinese Cultural Revolution in Inner Mongolia in which time a severe ethnic oppression was conducted against the Mongolian people.

Paper long abstract:

This study discusses the "incident of the massacre of members of the Inner Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party" which took place in the IMAR between late 1967 and early 1970 with the background of the Cultural Revolution.

The IMPRP was founded in 1925 for the self-determination and independence of the Mongols, getting support from the Mongolian People's Republic as well as the Communist International. The IMPRP aspired to the unification with the Mongolian People's Republic at the end of WWII, when Japanese colonial rule ended. During the Cultural Revolution, the IMPRP was condemned by the Central Committee of the CCP as a "traitorous counter-revolutionary organisation conspiring to divide the great motherland of China". China endeavoured to unify 56 ethnic groups into one state system, while the Mongols were opposed to such unification, trying to build their own separate nation-state .

The tentative of Inner mongolians was violently oppressed so as to going to suffering an ethnic oppression. The "Mongolian genocide" reveals how the China socialist state treated ethnic minorities in that time; we call it "nation-state type genocide" by a bigger nation system refusing regional independence or autonomy of minortity ethnic group. The study of this type of oppression needs to be done by more wide comparative way about other oppressive nation-states.

Panel P109
Afro-Eurasian inner dry land civilization