Accepted Paper:

Position changes and the social impact of women in Africa after independence: A case study in Zimbabwe  

Author:

Jin Zhang (Institute of African Studies, Zhejiang Normal University)

Paper short abstract:

Women in Zimbabwean has been largely followed the changes of African women after independence. Their organizations participate more actively and played an important role in the mobilization work in subsequent. These are beneficial to promoting the process of a democratic society in Zimbabwe.

Paper long abstract:

After independence, the status of women in Africa took important changes. Different from other regions, because of the foundation of natural leader, women has higher the status in traditional African tribal society and usually be the initiator and director of public utilities and social services. Thus, some African women took higher positions which made a positive push to gender equality modern industry. However, in the influence of Western modern movement and patriarchal society, due to the central role of women in traditional African agricultural labor, production, African women had hard access to education after independence, political status, urban construction and the process of democratization. Their corresponding roles in all these areas are not ideal. Thence encouraged they seek a way out more actively. Women in Zimbabwean has been largely followed such features after independence. Especially after the 1990s, they are working from their own initiatives. From 1995 to 1998, women's organizations in Zimbabwe formed their reposition and development strategy; participate in the activities of the state and civil society more actively. In this process, a combination of organizational, rural networks and key figures produced by a variety of problem-oriented had all reconfigured. June in 1999, the Constitutional Union women's organization was founded and played an important role in the mobilization work in subsequent. All these are beneficial to promoting the process of a democratic society in Zimbabwe, even became the "second liberation movement."

Panel P127
Gender and unfinished modernity project: 19th century reforms and 21st century reflections (Commission on Anthropology of Women)