Studies of single species of non-human primates in several sites have been increased. Such studies have revealed their local differences in ecology and behavior. Why is the reason for these local differences? Genetic variation or culture? Several cases of local differences will be presented and discussed about the reason in this panel.
Studies of single species of non-human primates in several research sites have increased with the advance of primatology. Such studies have revealed local differences in ecology and behavior of non-human primates. Why is the reason of these local differences? Genetic variation or culture? Three topics concerning local differences of non-human primates, local differences of targets of chimpanzee hunting, intra-species differences in the taste receptors of primates and behavioral diversity among wild chimpanzees, will be presented. Also, it will be discussed how such local differences observed in non-human primates will contribute to understanding the nature and “evolution” of human culture.