The progress of globalization reduces physical distances and inconspicuously excludes specific groups and individuals. Anthropology has differentiated itself from neighboring disciplines by fieldwork practice. How we can mediate local and global communities carefully and significantly would be a touchstone for the future of anthropology.
This panel aims to examine globalization from field sites. The progress of globalization has not only linked physical spaces such as megalopolises, remote spots, and different areas but also different groups, ideas, issues, and fields. As we have realized, it also widens gaps in inequality and excludes particular groups and individuals. Furthermore, various phenomena relate to each other in a complex and intricate manner that in many cases is beyond control, e.g., issues of poverty. Regarding this circumstance, a global “community” or a global civil society is sought in international society. However, we find that many existing concepts (such as human rights, democracy and justice) that had been considered universal need to be re-framed considering local, cultural, and historical diversity. This panel reconsiders globalization from the perspective of field sites in order to bridge the gap between the local and global. The panel discussion comprises two sessions. The first session examines armed conflicts, the process of peace-building, and the restoration of governance after conflicts. From a long-term perspective, peace-building studies confront the question of why conflicts recur once peace-building processes are implemented. We will respond to this crucial global issue using insights from field sites. The second session analyzes the phenomena of migration and social transformation resulting from advances in transportation and communication. This process requires reformation of groups and ethnic consciousness and formation of new identities. The panel examines such on-going processes to discuss a new civil society. This discussion also includes a reexamination of development studies.