This panel focuses on beach management, in response to fishing activities, to understand how beach use practices were carried out on the ground. On the basis of research conducted in South Korea, Malawi, and Uganda, we argue that how beach use decisions were made at local and regional levels.
In this panel we combine elements of governance theory, political ecology, and a form of institutional analysis. Setsuko Nakayama (Kanazawa University) examines how exogenous attempts to govern Lake Malawi's beaches have failed to capture fishers' organizational principles that have persisted since precolonial times. She attributes the failure to constrictive views of fishery as a male-exclusive commercial activity on water which precludes the significance of female ritual and technological involvement on terrestrial domains, and to the notion of governance which fishers seem keen to avoid. Noriko Ijichi (Osaka City University) will present that fishers have always corresponded with beach governance amongst the globalization of the market economy in the areas they belong. Given a way of life managed by diverse dynamics like ritual, the body, cooperation of labor, and the environment, she is concerned with the possibility of discussing the social structure and methods that developed in her research area. Noriko Tahara (Shitennoji University) illustrates how people construct their life-world through difficulties in their communities, which are heterogenic and diverse in language and economic activity. People's resources are more likely to affect their living situation, which is affected by national policy and economics. To demonstrate the limitations and possibilities of a community in transition, conflicts between pastoralist and fisher/famer involving a fishing village are discussed. Each beach management is encompassed with clustering of institutions, economic interests, histories, cultures, and ethnicities. The common practice on the ground will be linked with the sense of legitimacy through the discussion.