Author:Malini Srivastava (Freelancer London)
Paper short abstract:
Human societies, of present and past, and living anywhere in the world form the integral part of anthropological subject matter. This research strategy for human welfare focuses primarily on the welfare of Indian tribes
Paper long abstract:
With the dawn of independence, tribes in India have received special attention. Various planned efforts have been made for development of Scheduled tribes like demarcation of administrative units like Tribal blocks, Integrated Tribal Development Projects and the like. What is that even after you have educated the tribals, they do not want to mix with you? Though we are spending hundred crores, how is it that these people do not want to integrate? What is wrong?
The need of the hour is to adopt a scientific strategy for tribal and rural development in India. Human Materialism is the latest strategy in Anthropology propounded by Paul Magnarella of Florida University in 1994.This strategy suggests that infrastructure is the cause of structure and superstructure. One of the most important aspects of this model is human psychobiological factors which means for any analysis of humans their psychology has to be taken into consideration. Human Materialism is a systematic paradigm designed to bridge the gap between scientific and humanistic approaches to understand human behavior, culture and society.
The paper I have prepared is examining Human Materialism in a Munda village under Khunti subdivision of Ranchi district of Jharkhand (India). It explores how the development of mundas(tribe) can be brought about without much disorganization.
Development of the underdeveloped