Author:Maria Paz Peirano (Leiden University )
Paper short abstract:
This paper examines how Chilean film industry is developed through transnational exchanges. It explores the circulation of films and the articulation of overlapping social meanings at the international film festival circuit, following the journeys of Chilean films and films professionals across European festivals.
Paper long abstract:
Contemporary Chilean film industry, like other peripheral cinemas, depends
to a certain extent on its circulation through the international film
festival circuit, which is an active system that incorporates the
relationships between peoples and films, and peoples through films. By
travelling within the circuit, peripheral films accumulate symbolic
and economic value. At the same time, film professionals gain increasing
prestige through the fluid process of film circulation.
This paper is based on a multi-sited ethnographic fieldwork within the
Chilean cinematographic network, a group of film industry professionals
who exchange and promote Chilean cinema in the markets and screenings held
by film festivals. Following the journeys of Chilean filmmakers, producers
and sales agents through the circuit, the research addresses how these
professionals negotiate their creative practices in those
contexts; and how they deal with the conflictive double status of business
and art of peripheral cinemas.
Films circulation also contributes to reconfigure the image of a national
cinematographic industry. Transnational trajectories of film professionals
are entwined with an overlapping set of cultural meanings. Films do not
only express artistic value but also carry out ideas of a certain Chilean
aesthetic that are drawn on by film agents at the festivals,situating this
peripheral film industry in the world system.-
The paper upholds that the development of Chilean film industry is
fundamentally related to all the global interactions in which the film
professionals are involved. The meaning of national films is therefore
enacted through transnational practices of reception and exchange,
articulating glocal trends.
Anthropology of arts business (IUAES Commission on Enterprise Anthropology)