Social exclusion and poverty: a study of the Korkus in Melghat region, Maharashtra, India
Anjali Kurane (Savitribai Phule Pune University (Formerly University of Pune))
Paper short abstract:
Social Exclusion in India has its roots in historical divisions along lines of caste, tribe, women and exclude, discriminate, isolate them and perpetuate inequality. These inequalities are structural in nature & culturally rooted. The study focuses on Social Exclusion and Poverty among Korkus.
Paper long abstract:
Social exclusion is the outcome of multiple deprivations that prevent individuals or groups from participating fully in the economic, social, and political life of the society in which they live. Hann (1994, 2004) social exclusion can usefully be defined as "the process through which individuals or groups are wholly or partially excluded from full participation in the society within which they live". Mayara Buvinic (2005) Social exclusion is the denial of equal opportunities imposed by certain groups of society up on others which leads to inability of an individual to participate in the basic political, economic and social functioning of the society. Social exclusion concept helps us in understanding the nature and causes of deprivation. There is general agreement on the key features of social exclusion, that it relates to poverty and inequality. In today's scenario, developmental studies are necessary to explore the subject of social exclusion. Social Exclusion in India has its roots in India's historical divisions along lines of caste, tribe, and women and till today exclusion revolves around caste, tribe, women and exclude, discriminate, isolate, deprive them and perpetuate inequality. These inequalities are more structural in nature and culturally rooted. The Korkus are one of the oldest aboriginals in India. They are socially excluded and suffer from poverty, socioeconomic backwardness, displacement, child deaths and malnutrition. All these contributing towards the Extinction of Korkus. The present study focuses on the concept of Social Exclusion and poverty through understanding social-cultural and economic aspects of Korkus from the Anthropological perspective.
Development of the underdeveloped