Agricultural Management to the Landslide Problem of Kalimpong Himalayan Subdivision in Darjeeling District, West Bengal State, India
Ashok Das Gupta
(University of North Bengal )
Paper short abstract:
Landslide is a major problem in the Himalayas that can be caused due to deforestation, illegal mining, unplanned transportation and big dam construction. Step cultivation is the right choice for mountain production system that could reduce scope for natural hazard.
Paper long abstract:
Kalimpong Himalayas is that pocket that exists in vicinity of Nepal, Darjeeling, Bhutan and its foothill Duars, Sikkim and Chumbi valley of Tibetan Autonomous Territory, Barindland-Boikunthopur watershed (containing an Aryan Diaspora from Kashmir-Tibet region), and transnational Teesta River towards Rajshahi Division of North West Bangladesh. This transnational territory still favours orange orchard instead of tea estates as in other places. Illegal coal mining on Damuna-Daling rock series, road construction and excess logging in Kalimpong have exerted lethal impacts on entire ecosystem. But step cultivation in terms of contour trenches and bench terraces, and special systems of water holding have proved positive in resisting soil erosion. Choice of crop and classification of soil are also important. Remote villages using solar energy are another important characteristic.Download the full paper
Himalaya: ecology, adaptability and culture