In the last 50 years, Iranians have experienced tremendous political, economic,and cultural change. Family, kinship and community practices have changed,and people have had to build new or transformed organizations. This panel examines Iranian family, kinship and community both abroad and in Iran.
In the last half century, Iranians have experienced tremendous change and dislocation: modernization under a dictatorial shah, major economic transformation, the Iranian Revoluiton of 1979, the Iran-Iraq War of 1980-1988, a large out-migration of Iranians to western countries, drastic policy changes and social transformation under the Islamic Republic or Iran with even more strict governmental control, and a shift to a more consumer-oriented, individualist, capitalist and global culure and society. Anthropologists have faced severe challenges attempting to conduct fieldwork in Iran. Although the number of anthropologists working in Iran has declined tremendously since the 1970s, several have manuaged to continue ethnographic research through working with Iranians abroad or, a few, even to conduct fieldwork in Iran. Papers in this panel focus on the evolving and emerging family, kinship and community organization of Iranians in diaspora and at home as they adjust to their changing world and as anthropologists aejust to changed working conditions. Authors will present materials on tribal/ethnic groups in Iran, Iranian villagers and urbanites, as well as dislocated Iranians in India and the US and their family, kinship and community practices and resulting organizations as they pursue economic, religious and social lives.