This panel proposes presentations about the social framing and effects of urban utopias : who are the people living in those places? how do people deal with blending dream and reality? etc. The aim is also to invest the important question of faithfulness and collective aspirations.
The urban utopias proceed from inhabitants, from institutions, from professionals, from philosophers. They stand at the crossroad between the long history of the city, of philosophical and political proposals for a « good life ». Several forms cohabit, however most of the time they share a common idea : the city is supposed to resolve most of the problems of the modern life. Nowadays, utopias have left global visions of the city they often had until the end of the 20th century, and are applied to more peculiar spaces: a district, a street, an apartment building. Abstract projections have given way to more pragmatic approaches, more attentive to the inhabitants' practices, as are, for example, the Ecodistricts, the Berliner Housprojekt or many others projects all over the world. Most of these projects seem to apply Henri Lefèbvre's proposal to privilege inhabitants' everyday life and wishes when conceiving new buildings. However, we also have to take into account that local democracy is becoming a new way of managing cities. A lot has been written about all these subjects. But few researches have been realized about the social framing and effects of urban utopias : who are the people living in those places? how do people deal with blending dream and reality? This panel aims to propose international comparison based on ethnographical presentations in order urban anthropology to invest the important question of mutual trust and collective aspirations.