In most sub-Saharan Africa cities, there is an increased need of food supply from rural or suburban areas. However, most rural areas face several problems that create conflicts which weaken food production systems.
In most sub-Saharan Africa cities, there is an increased need of food supply from rural or suburban areas. However, most rural areas face several problems that create conflicts which weaken food production systems. These difficulties can be linked to hard agro-climatic conditions and /or effects of population growth, and also to the socio-political crises which are manifesting by an increased struggle over control of land and other resources. These situations occur in a context where the amount of resources is unstable and steadily declining, which affect subsequently the access to the market for some producers. In addition, the economic transactions between rural and urban areas are reduced, especially for areas located in the countryside. Therefore, such factors affect the configuration of social interactions in rural area which tend to increase conflicts. For example, the obstruction of migration routes due to the spread farmers' fields on the way usually taken by pastoralists is a cause of tension and violent conflicts. Given this fact, the safety of producers is then undermined and the supply of goods for urban consumers is affected. This panel intends to identify factors promoting the emergence of conflicts over natural resources that can affect food security for rural, suburban and urban populations.